Russian Technologies Development Area

Monument to Sergei Ivanovich Gusev

Big Bridge

Royal (Big, or Main) bridge over Pissa River was first mentioned in Chronicles on May 20, 1734. To develop, Gumbinnen needed a new square, and Frederick William I of Prussia proposed to align Pissa River by burying the old streambed with many channels. The new riverbed has been paved along the old Mill Creek.

For flood protection, levees were built along both banks, which tied the new bridge. In 1827, the bridge was strengthened by erecting two river piers on it. Openwork wrought-iron railing of the bridge over the supports had protrusions in the form of balconies.

In 1935, the bridge was considered narrow and was rebuilt; it became a concrete structure with one span. During the Gumbinnen Operation, the bridge fell into the river; the engineers built another bridge a little downstream. Only in 1957, the city administration built a new concrete bridge with two supports.

For half a century of operation, the bridge had become dilapidated. However, the city administration was not satisfied with the repairs. With the help of additionally attracted funds, the bridge structure was completely renewed. With a new railing of polished granite and open-worked forged gratings, it became the ornament of the city. The re-opening of the bridge took place on December 20, 2008.

Monument to Sergei Ivanovich Gusev

The town of Gusev bears the name of hero of the Soviet Union, Captain Sergei Ivanovich Gusev.

Sergey Gusev was born in 1918 in the Studenka Village near Lipetsk. In the autumn of 1941, he fought for Leningrad, defended Stalingrad, liberated the Donbass Left-Bank Ukraine, and Belarus from the enemy reached East Prussia. For military merit, he was awarded the Grade 1 and 2 order of Patriotic war and the order of the Red Star.

On January 18, the 664th regiment led the heavy fighting on the outskirts of Gumbinnen. Several attacks on enemy strongpoint on gross between Baicheng were not successful. Before the next attack, Gusev went to the front edges, where he learned that the commander of one of the companies had been killed. Only a few minutes remained before the attack. Captain Gusev took command of the division himself. He first climbed out of the trench, took the soldiers and broke into the trench of the enemy, boldly entered the fray with the Nazis. The troop, and then the whole battalion rushed to the village and began to free it from the Nazis. In a street fight, the captain was mortally wounded.

By the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR as of April 19, 1945, the captain Gusev, Sergei Ivanovich was posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union for his courage and heroism against the Nazi invaders. By the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR as of September 7, 1946, the district was renamed into Gusev district and the town of Gumbinnen in the town of Gusev, in honor of the hero of Soviet Union, Captain Sergei Ivanovich Gusev.

On September 8, 1952, a granite stele with a bust of Sergei Ivanovich Gusev by sculptor O. Avramenko was founded on the banks of Pissa River. The remains of the hero, taken from the village of Chistye Prudy, were buried next to it on May 8, 1953.

On the eve of the 65th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War, a decision was made to create a new monument to the hero, whose name our city bears. In November 2009, the remains of the S. I. Gusev were reburied with full honors from the city centre into a mass grave of Soviet soldiers on the Smirnova St.. In the celebration of the 65th anniversary of the Victory a new monument to the Hero of Soviet Union captain, Sergei Ivanovich Gusev by Belarusian sculptor Viktar Kopach was founded in May 2010 at the bridge on the street of Victory.

The building of the Imperial Court hotel

The building of the Imperial Court (Kaiserhof) Hotel was built in 1858-1859, and next to the Magazinplatz. The Kronprinz Wilhelm I, the future king of East Prussia and the first Emperor (Kaiser) of a United German Empire, stayed there in 1864.

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